بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
رَبِّ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي ; وَيَسِّرْ لِي أَمْرِي ; وَاحْلُلْ عُقْدَةً مِنْ لِسَانِي ; يَفْقَهُوا قَوْلِي
Question has been raised about celebrations of Eid Milad-un-Nabi i.e. 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal of Hijri calendar. This particular issue is not the only one which is of concern to Muslims; rather, there are other celebrations as well which we Muslims do, without knowing the basis of these, without knowing why we are celebrating them, without knowing what does Islamic Shari’ah says about these. Insha’Allah, we shall try to study the subject in light of Qur’an and Ahadith. I will explain some verses from Holy Qur’an and then some Ahadith, and in the end we will analyze these celebrations in light of those, Insha’Allah. Let us study what Islam says about Celebrations of Eid Milad-un-Nabi (and other celebrations like anniversaries, birthdays etc.).
To start with, let us see some verses from Holy Qur’an.
الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمْ الإِسْلامَ دِيناً
“This day I have perfected (completed) your religion for you, completed My favourupon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”
(Aayah No. 3, Surah Al-Ma’idah, Chapter No. 5, Holy Qur’an).
So, the religion (Islam) is a perfect one and complete. Complete in what sense? Complete in terms of Qur’an and Ahadith.
One might say, OK, complete in terms of Qur’an is OK, but how can you say that Ahadith are also part of the process of completing the religion. The answer to this is again in Qur’an.
وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ إِنْ كُنتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
“Do ita’at of Allah & Rasool-Allah (PBUH), if you are Mumineen”.
(Aayah No. 1, Surah Al-Anfal, Chapter No. 8, Holy Qur’an).
Ita’at of Allah is to follow Allah’s sayings i.e. Qur’an and Ita’at of Rasool-Allah (PBUH) is to follow Rasool-Allah’s sayings and acts i.e. Ahadith.
So, going back, we now know that Allah has perfected our religion. Now there is no permission for anyone to remove anything from the religion, and neither anyone has the permission to make an addition to our religion. But what if someone asks: I agree that we cannot delete any thing from religion, but how can we be assured about addition? To answer this, let us study some Ahadith.
It was narrated that Syeda Aishah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “Whoever introduces something into this matter of ours (religion) that is not part of it (religion), he/she will have it rejected (In another narration Ibn Eisa said, “Rasool-Allah, PBUH, said that whoever does something other than our matter, he/she will have it rejected i.e. the act as well as the person who does it, both will be rejected).”
(Hadith No. 4606, Book of The Sunnah, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 5).
Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (RA) narrated that Rasool-Allah (PBUH) said: “Do not write down anything from me. And he/she who wrote anything from me except the Qur’an, should efface (wipe off, rub) that and convey my statements (ahadith), for there is no harm in narrating from me (ahadith), and he/she who attributed any falsehood to me, let him/her assume his/her abode in Hell-Fire.”
(Hadith No. 7510 (3004), Book of Asceticism & Heart Softening Reports, Sahih Muslim, Vol. 7).
So, now let us analyze first of all Eid Milad-un-Nabi in the context of these Aayahs and Ahadith.
There is no information in The Holy Qur’an about celebration of this day. Neither there is any hadith to confirm this day’s celebrations. Had Rasool-Allah (PBUH) celebrated it or asked others to celebrate this day, there must have been a hadith for that. But there is no such information.
And as Qur’an says that Allah has perfected our religion for us, there is nothing which has been left which could have been told to us and has not been told. Therefore, celebration of Eid Milad-un-Nabi is a Bida’a.
Bida’a is anything which is added and attributed to Islamic culture/traditions without any proof either from Qur’an and/or Ahadith. Islam’s stand about Bida’a can be clearly understood by two Ahadith given above.
However, if some groups of people are still hooked on to their belief of celebrating Eid Milad-un-Nabi (unfortunately, majority in our Indian sub-continent believe this; it includes Pakistan, India, Bangladesh), then it is like a stubbornness. Islam is against disputes among us. There should not be any dispute among the Muslims, but in case there is a dispute on anything, then there is a solution in Qur’an for such a situation. Allah (SWT) says inHoly Qur’an:
فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلاً
“(And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah & His Rasool (PBUH), if you believe in Allah & in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination”.
(Aayah No. 59, Surah An-Nisa’, Chapter No. 4, Holy Qur’an).
Based on this, we revert back this issue to Allah (Qur’an is Allah’s word) and Rasool-Allah, PBUH (Ahadith are Rasool’s words/sayings); and we find no such thing which proves about the celebrations.
Now it is my turn to ask: Are the celebrators (I mean who talk in favour of celebrations of Eid Milad-un-Nabi and other functions) trying to say that their celebrations are valid even if they are not being covered by Islam? Then it will be a clear refusal/denial to Aayah No. 3 of Surah Al-Ma’idah in Holy Qur’an, discussed above, thereby, implying that the religion (Islam) preached by Rasool-Allah (PBUH) to his Ummah is incomplete. Can we dare to put ourselves in such a situation where we become a part of such falsehood? May Allah have mercy on all of us. May Allah have mercy on all of us. May Allah have mercy on all of us…..Ameen.
My dear brothers, sisters & friends, there are only two Eids prescribed for celebrations in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. Apart from these, other two important functions about which we get evidences in Islamic literature are Waleema & Aqeeqa, and that is all.
This explanation is not only limited to Eid Milad-un-Nabi, but it applies to other celebrations like birthdays, anniversaries etc. All are Bida’a. And even more condemnable are newly introduced celebrations like Valentine’s Day, Women’s day, Men’s day, Father’s Day, Mother’s Day etc. This all is against Islamic culture. How can we forget to do Aqeeqa of our kids, but very proudly celebrate birthdays and other anniversaries? Tell me please. Do we know that the culture of fixing candles (lit with fire) on cakes and singing songs is not an Islamic act? This act is neither attributed to Ahle-kitaab i.e. The Christians or The Jews. It has been adopted from some older races of non-believers, who used to lit fire, put on food and celebrate. What are we doing? Let us ask ourselves sincerely.
We spend millions on these celebrations. Sometimes these celebrations lead to violence too, and at times bloodshed. Islam never supports anything which promotes violence and bloodshed. Moreover, it gives a wrong impression about our religion to others and they get a chance to point fingers at us. Don’t we have sense? Don’t we see all this? Rasool-Allah (PBUH) used to say: “Don’t be an Imma’a (Imma’a means a person who blindly follows others, without using his/her sense)”. And see, majority of Muslims in our sub-continent are like that. We keep following whatever our forefathers and society has been following for ages, without asking whether it is true, whether it should be followed or not.
Also tell me, what do we achieve or do by observing death anniversaries of our dead relatives? It again is a Bida’a. We should know that each of us take with us our deeds to our lives hereafter. Apart from this, after death only 3 things support the person in Aakhrah. If you ask, what reward goes to a man (or a woman) after his/her death (?), the answer will be given by following hadith.
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Rasool-Allah (PBUH) said, “When a man (or a woman) dies, all his/her good deeds come to an end, except three: a) Ongoing charity done by the deceased (Sadaqa-e-Jaariya)…b) Beneficial knowledge of the deceased that will keep on helping the others.…..and third….c) Righteous son/daughter who will pray for him/her (the deceased).”
(Hadith No. 4223 (1631), Book of Wills, Sahih Muslim, Vol. 4).
Having read the hadith written above, how can we justify the concept of making rituals, do recitations of Qur’an for the dead and then say “We send the reward of this to the dead….”Please, let us not make mockery of our religion.
However, Remembrance is important. But again the first and biggest haq of Remembrance belongs to Allah. So, Remember Allah. How to remember Allah? Simple….do zikr of Allah, study Qur’an and understand it, do each and every thing in life and try to spend our lives according to will Allah, spread the message of Allah.
After that comes Rasool-Allah (PBUH). It is good to remember the day for the love of our beloved prophet. But what is the best way to remember Rasool-Allah? Live your life on his footsteps…that is the best thing. This is the haq of love for Rasool-Allah (PBUH). Also, do nawafil ibadah on the day, if you wish to do so. Do acts of charity, whichever you can. All this will only increase your account of hasanaat with Allah (SWT). But all this is voluntary (nawafil).
No obligatory act is prescribed on us, except two:
The first and foremost, as I mentioned earlier, is to lead our lives on footsteps of Rasool-Allah (PBUH), do ita’at of Rasool-Allah (PBUH). This isclearly mentioned inAayah No. 1 of Surah Al-Anfal (Chapter No. 8)of Holy Qur’an(I have referred to this aayah above in the article already).
The second obligatory act on us for Rasool-Allah (PBUH), as prescribed in Holy Qur’an is explained in Aayah No. 56, Surah Al-Ahzab (Chapter No. 33):
إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيماً
“Allah sends His salat (graces, blessings, honours etc.) on Rasool-Allah (PBUH) and so also His angels. O’ who you believe! Send your salat (salam) to him and you should greet him (Rasool-Allah, PBUH) with Islamic way of greeting i.e. As-salam alaikum.”
This shows the obligation on every muslim to send salam to Rasool-Allah (PBUH). Again, this does not mean to do this by creating songs of salaam and start singing songs (naatein, qawwalis etc.) in honour of Rasool-Allah (PBUH), like it is done in our countries, Astaghfirullah. Greet him simply by saying As-salam alaikum warahmatullah and/or reciting Durood, this is very important.
After giving due haq to Allah’s remembrance and Rasool-Allah’s remembrance, we can remember our near & dear ones. There is no harm in making the occasions as a happy time for you and your family. Exchange gifts with each other. Husband may give gift to his wife and children and vice versa. Children can give gifts to parents as well. Eat together; indulge in nice works; do whatever, in limits (ordained on us by Allah) you can. Remember, giving and taking gifts has been recommended by Rasool-Allah (PBUH). It contributes to strengthening bonds of relationships and develops love among us. There are several ahadith to support this. Subhan-Allah, Islam has solution to everything. It is just a matter of a step to be taken from our side towards seeking that solution. But do not introduce traditions which have no relation with Islam and represent religions of disbelievers.
I pray to Allah that we all Muslims walk on straight path of Islam, following Sunnah ways of our beloved prophet (PBUH), free from all bida’a.
And Allah knows best.
May Allah forgive me if I am wrong and guide us to the right path…Ameen.
سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُون َ ; وَسَلامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ ; وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّالْعَالَمِينَ.