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Friday Prayers

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 رَبِّ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي ; وَيَسِّرْ لِي أَمْرِي ; وَاحْلُلْ عُقْدَةً مِنْ لِسَانِي ; يَفْقَهُوا قَوْلِي

Friday is an important day for Muslims. Almost all of us will say that we know about the special Friday prayers that are offered at noon and the importance of these prayers. We shall, in this discussion, Insha’Allah try to see how much we know about Friday Prayers. In order to have distinct understanding of the subject, I have tried to make sub-topics and discuss about these sub-topics in brief one after another, which in turn sum up to give detailed explanation of the subject. May Allah make understanding of the subject easy for us!

1. Merits of Friday

Friday is a special day for Muslims. Many of us say that all days are equal as all are being created by Allah. True, but still, Friday is special, it has its own merits. Refer to following hadith:

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday; on it Adam (AS) was created; and on it, he descended on earth; and on it, his repentance was accepted; and on it, he died; and on it, the Hour will be established…..”

(Hadith No. 1046, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol.1).

It is to be understood that the concept of Friday is not a new thing for the Ummah of Muhammad (PBUH); rather this day was declared special by Allah for the nations who existed before. Let us say it as a weekend, although it is not same as weekend of modern world. Nevertheless, this one day in a week (Friday) was appointed by Allah as a holy day (it seems ‘holiday’ has been derived from this) and celebration of Friday (i.e. the Salat of Friday) was made compulsory on the races that existed before Muhammad, PBUH. Following hadith explains this very clearly:

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA): I heard Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) saying: “We are the last but the foremost on the Day of Resurrection, though the former nations were given the Scripture before us. And this was their day (Friday) the celebration of which (i.e. Friday prayer etc.) was made compulsory for them, but they differed about it. So, Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people are behind us in this respect: the Jews’ (holy day is) the following day (i.e. Saturday) and the Christians’ (is) the day after the following day (i.e. Sunday).”

(Hadith No. 876, Book of Al-Juma’a, Sahih Bukhari, Vol.2).

See how beneficial it is to read. While trying to know about virtues of Friday, we got lovely information about the concept of weekend too. So, another thing to learn here is that for a Muslim the concept of weekend on Saturdays and Sundays is wrong, Friday is actually the special day of the week that a Muslim should concentrate on.

The importance of Friday can be understood by the fact that there is a whole chapter dedicated to Friday (Surah Al-Juma’a, Chapter No. 62) in Holy Qur’an. There is a direct instruction for all believers about Friday prayers.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِي لِلصَّلاةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

“O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the Salat on Friday, come to the remembrance of Allah & leave off business. That is better for you if you did but know!”

(Aayah No. 9, Surah Al-Juma’a, Chapter No. 62, Holy Qur’an).

Also, there is a response hour on Friday, during which every supplication from a Muslim is accepted by Allah. Two different times have been reported for this. Refer to ahadith below:

Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “Friday has twelve – meaning hours – to it. There is no Muslim who asks Allah for anything (during it) except that Allah gives it to him, so seek it during the last hour after Asr.”

(Hadith No. 1048, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

and,

Abu Burdah bin Abi Musa Al-Ash’ari said: Abdullah bin Umar (RA) asked me, “Have you heard your father narrating from Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) regarding Friday – meaning the Hour (of response)?” I said, “Yes, I heard him say: I heard Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) say: It is between the time that the Imam sits down until prayer is finished.”

(Hadith No. 1049, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

Maybe the blessed moment of Divine Grace when supplications are answered on Friday alternates between times. And Allah knows best.

It is also reported (ref. Hadith No. 1050, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1) that whoever performs Wudu well, then attends Friday prayer, and listens quietly the sermon, then he will be forgiven (the sins that occurred) between the two Fridays. The narrator for this hadith is Abu Hurairah (RA).

2. How are Friday prayers offered?

2.1. No. of raka’at

Two raka’at are offered in compulsory Friday prayers. Apart from this, there are some nawafil prayers also associated with Friday. Refer to following two ahadith for knowing how many raka’at (nawafil) are prayed after completing the compulsory Friday prayer:

It was narrated that Ibn Umar (RA) said: I prayed two raka’at with Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) before Zuhr and two afterwards, two raka’at after Maghrib, two raka’at after Isha’ and two raka’at after Juma’ (Friday prayer). As for Maghrib, Isha’ & Juma’, I prayed with the Prophet (PBUH) in his house.

(Hadith No. 1698 (729), Book of the Traveller’s prayers, Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2).

and,

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (RA) said: Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “When one of you has prayed Juma’a, let him pray four raka’at afterwards.”

(Hadith No. 2036 (881), Book of Juma’a Prayer, Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2).

Therefore, either two or four raka’at nawafil (i.e. voluntary) may be offered after the compulsory prayers. People have different opinions about the Nawafil prayers associated with Friday prayer, but the Sunnah way is to offer either two or four raka’at nawafil after completing two raka’at Farz prayers, and that’s all; no more, no less.

2.2. Religious sermon (i.e. the Khutba)

An essential part of Friday prayers is the religious sermon (the Khutba) which is delivered by the Imam prior to start of two raka’at of Salat. In normal Zuhr prayers, we offer four raka’at, but in Friday prayers only two raka’at are offered. Scholars are of the view that Khutba compensates for the remaining two raka’at. That is the extent of importance of Khutba.

It is recommended to proceed early for Friday prayers, reach Masjid in time, take a place and listen quietly to the Khutba. It is disliked for a person to engage in any talk while Khutba is in progress. Even if someone tells other person to be quiet, it is considered as a breach. Refer to following hadith:

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said: “If you say ‘Be Quiet’ while Imam is delivering Khutba, you have committed Al-Laghw.”

(Hadith No. 1112, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

The significance of Khutba and listening to it quietly is even more highlighted by the fact that it is not allowed to offer any prayer (people might pray any Nawafil or any missed prayer like that of Fajr etc.) while the Khutba is in progress. However, there is an exception to this. Refer to following hadith:

It was narrated that Jabir bin Abdallah (RA) said: Sulaik Al Ghatfani came on a Friday when Prophet (PBUH) was preaching (i.e delivering Khutba) and he sat down. He said to him, “O Sulaik, get up and pray 2 raka’at and make them brief.” Then he said, “If one of you comes on a Friday and the Imam is preaching, let him pray 2 raka’at (Tahayyat-al-Masjid) and make them brief.”

(Hadith No. 2024 (875), Book of Friday Prayer, Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2).

Therefore, Tahayyat-al-Masjid is the only prayer which allowed to be offered even if Friday Khutba is in progress.

Another important thing to understand is the length of Khutba and the prayer. Most of our Imams tend to deliver a long Khutba, whereas it is recommended not to pro-long the Khutba. When asked about the length of Khutba delivered by Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), we come to following hadith:

It was narrated that Jabir bin Samurah (RA) said: I used to pray with the Prophet (PBUH) and his prayer was of moderate length and his Khutba was of moderate length.

(Hadith No. 2003 (866), Book of Friday Prayer, Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2).

3. Time of Friday prayers

Narrated Anas bin Malik (RA): The Prophet (PBUH) used to offer Juma’a prayer immediately after mid-day (i.e. just after the sun starts descending after reaching the zenith).

(Hadith No. 904, Book of Al-Juma’a, Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2).

The hadith mentioned above tells us the ideal time to offer Friday prayer. However, it is not a hard-and-fast rule that in any case Friday prayers should be offered just after mid-day, rather it is the recommended time and should be followed. But in certain circumstances, the prayers may be delayed, as is evident from the following hadith:

Narrated Anas bin Malik (RA): The Prophet (PBUH) used to offer the prayer earlier if it was very cold, and if it was very hot he used to delay the prayer.”

(Hadith No. 906, Book of Al-Juma’a, Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2).

4. Upon whom is Friday prayer obligatory and how shall one prepare for Friday prayers?

Friday prayer is compulsory for all except a few. A very clear hadith on this matter is given below:

It was reported from Tariq bin Shihab from the Prophet (PBUH), that he said: “The Friday prayer in congregation is an obligation on every single Muslim, except for four: an owned slave, a woman, a child and a sick person.”

(Hadith No. 1067, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

Now let us see what are the rulings about preparing ourselves for Friday prayers? It is recommended to prepare oneself well before leaving to offer Friday prayers. Take bath, wear best possible clothes, use perfume etc., are some of the recommended acts of preparation of oneself for offering Friday prayers. Refer to the hadith below:

Narrated Abu Sa’id (RA): I testify that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said: “The taking of bath on Friday is compulsory for every Muslim who has attained the age of puberty; and also cleaning of teeth with Siwak and using perfume, if available.”

(Hadith No. 880, Book of Al-Juma’a, Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2).

An important thing to understand from above mentioned hadith is that although it is not obligatory for a woman to offer Friday prayer in congregation, yet it is obligatory for her to take a bath on Friday and prepare herself for her prayers which she may offer at her home place. Same applies to children as well.

5. Sin of missing Friday prayers

Following hadith explains the sin associated with neglecting and missing Friday prayers (by those upon whom it is obligatory):

It was narrated from Abdullah bin Umar (RA) and Abu Hurairah (RA) that they heard Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) say, on the planks of his Minbar, “People must cease neglecting Juma’a (prayers), or else Allah will put a seal over their hearts and they will truly be among the negligent.”

(Hadith No. 2002 (865), Book of Friday Prayer, Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2).

6. Two exceptional cases

There are two exceptions about the obligation of offering Friday prayers; both of these exceptions are very clearly supported by authentic ahadith and there is no element of doubt in these.

6.1. If it is raining

It is permissible for a person not to go to Masjid for congregational Friday prayers if it is raining. Refer to following hadith:

Narrated Muhammad bin Sirin: On a rainy day Ibn Abbas (RA) said to his Muadh-dhin, “After saying ‘Ash-hadu anna Muhammadun Rasool-Allah‘, do not say ‘Haiya alas-Salah (Come for Salat)’, but say: ‘Sallu fi Baytikum (Offer Salat in your houses).” The man did so, but the people disliked it. Ibn Abbas (RA) said, “It was done by one who was much better than I (i.e. Prophet, PBUH). No doubt, the Juma’a prayer is compulsory but I dislike putting you to task by bringing you out walking in mud & slush.”

(Hadith No. 901, Book of Al-Juma’a, Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2).

Therefore, be assured that in case one does not go out to offer Friday prayer on a rainy day, he has not committed any sin; rather he has acted in a Sunnah manner.

6.2. If Eid falls on Friday

If Eid falls on a Friday, then it is permissible for a person not to offer Friday prayers if he has already offered the Eid prayers in congregation. This is a very noble exception for us. It gives an insight to the beauty of Islam, for the one who wish to understand. Others will keep arguing about authenticity of this exception; however, it is to be understood clearly that there are several authentic ahadith that proves this ruling. I shall quote few of them.

It was reported that Ilyas bin Abi Ramlah Ash-Shami said: I was present when Muawiyah bin Abi Sufiyan asked Zaid bin Arqam: ‘Did you witness two Eid (i.e. the Eid and the Juma’a) being combined on one day during the time of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)? He replied, ‘Yes.’ So he said: ‘He (Prophet, PBUH) prayed the Eid then he was lenient about Friday prayer, for he said: “Whoever wishes to pray can pray.”

(Hadith No. 1070, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

Are there doubts still about this ruling? OK, let us see one more hadith to clear our doubts.

Al-A’Mash reported from Ata bin Abi Rabah that he said: Ibn Az-Zubair (RA) once led us in the early morning in the Eid prayer, and it happened to be on a Friday. Then we went to attend Friday prayer, but he did not come out (to give Khutba etc.). So we prayed by ourselves (without congregation). And Ibn Abbas (RA) at that time was in Al-Ta’if, so when he came back we informed him this. He said: ‘He has followed Sunnah.’

(Hadith No. 1071, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

This clears all the doubts. Therefore, we should not be surprised if we see anyone doing so.

6.3. Do the two exceptions mentioned above exempt a person from Zuhr prayer too (on that day)?

There is a difference of opinion among scholars regarding whether not going to Friday prayer (if Eid falls on Friday or if it is raining outside) exempts us from offering Zuhr prayer also or not; some say yes, some say no. However, we do not get any clear evidence in Ahadith about not offering Zuhr prayers at homes in such a case. Therefore, my personal view favours the opinion that one is not exempted from offering Zuhr prayers and he / she should offer them at his / her place (i.e. homes etc.).

It sums up the discussion for the subject. Let us realize the importance of Friday and that it is an obligation of every Muslim to observe the sanctity of Friday & offer the prayers regularly. Moreover, we should try to perfect our Friday prayers according to Sunnah ways.

And Allah knows best.

May Allah forgive me if I am wrong and guide us to the right path…Ameen.

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُون َ ; وَسَلامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ ; وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ.

119 comments

  1. There is no mention of Saa,ate Ijabat in the information on Friday.Please let me know why?

  2. asslm,; y does the hanafi mufti preach us to do 4 rakat before and 4 after as sunna e moaqedah for friday prayers,.

    • Wa-alaikum As-Salam warahmatallah. It is difficult to comment about why certain people preach different no’s of voluntary raka’ats before and after farz prayers. If they have any Sunnah to support their view, accept them. If they do not have any Sunnah to support their view, reject them. It should be as simple as that. And Allah knows best.

  3. Asssalamalaikum. My question is exactly how many rakats did the prophet ( pbuh) prayed after the two fard prayers in fridays? was it four or two? and did he prayed the sunnah rakats at home or mosque? And is four sunnahs or two sunnahs before a Zuhr prayer.?

    • Wa alaikum As-Salam warahmatallah,

      The answer to your question is very clear if you go through the article and other articles (Nawafil prayers) available on the site. One can pray either 02 raka’at nawafil or 04 raka’at nawafil prayers after 02 raka’at farz of Friday prayer. Both are authenticated by Sunnah.

      One can pray these nawafil either in masjid or at home; again both are allowed and OK. But it is very clear that the Prophet (PBUH) recommended to pray nawafil prayers at home. So, I prefer to pray all nawafil at home, though it is not that you cannot pray in masjid.

      Regarding no. of nawafil raka’at before Zuhr prayer, ahadith show us that the Prophet (PBUH) had prayed 04 raka’at also at times before Zuhr farz prayer, and at other times he had prayed 02 raka’at nawafil prayers before Zuhr farz prayers. So we can follow either, both are authenticated by Sunnah. I refer to all these prayers as ‘Nawafil’, as all prayers other than Farz prayers are nawafil. For details, please go through the article about ‘Nawafil Prayers’ available on this website.

      I hope this answers your queries.

      Jazak Allah.

  4. Assalaam aley kum,

    It was helpful, I appreciate it. Keep up the good work.

    Jazak Allah Shukran,

    Faiz.

  5. Masha’Allah you have explained it beautifully. May Allah SWT shower his blessings upon you

  6. Assalamu alaikum, jazaakallahu khairan

  7. Salaam! I would like to know how many rakats do i have to pray at home on a friday? (The obligatory prayer, that is)

    Sukran!

    • Wa alaikum Salam warahmatallah,

      Even women should go to offer Friday prayers in congregation. But if they do offer at home only, then they shall offer prayer like normal Dhuhr prayers.

      And Allah knows best.

  8. How many raakat we should pray before and after two rakaat farj prayer at friday. Please refer source

    • Salam alaikum,

      Your question is already clarified in the subject article. Please read Section 2.1 of the article. Feel free to contact back for any further clarification.

      And Allah knows best.

  9. Assalamualaykum

    May Allah bless you for the effort you had done.

    I want to ask, what about the rulings for people who are travelling on Friday? In Malaysia, Fajr is 6am and Zuhur is 1.30pm. If someone is travelling to a far place, more than 90km and he begins his journey on Friday 8am, is he allowed to not attend Friday prayer?

    I know Friday prayer is a must but is there any ruling for case stated above? Hope you can help me to clarify this issue.

    JazakAllah khair khatiran.

    • Wa alaikum Salam warahmatallah,

      No, that’s not correct. He should attend Friday prayers.

      We Muslims should be careful enough to plan our travels in such a manner that we do not end up misisng our prayers (specially Friday prayers). This can’t be controlled 100% as there are some journeys which require long travelling hours. Still, we can do whatever we can to ensure that our prayers are not missed. And everyone knows how to ensure this; no one needs to be taught about this.

      For circumstances beyond our control we should be hopeful of Allah’s mercy in these matters, Insha’Allah.

      And Allah knows best.

  10. Assalamu-alaikum.

    I think if you’re a musaafir (traveler), then jumu’ah prayer becomes optional.

    • Wa alaikum Salam warahmatallah,

      Giving such statements is the work of Muftis. So I can’t make any comment like that.

      As per my personal view, we should try to plan our travels in such a manner that our prayers are not affected; and when it comes to Friday prayers, we should be a little bit more careful. However, if someone is in travel on a Friday then of course he/she won’t be able to attend Friday prayers.

      And Allah knows best.

  11. Assalamu alaikum
    I would like to know how important is krutba for friday prayer.if someone do not hear the krutba,what are the consequences?

    • Wa alaikum As Salam warahmatallah,

      Friday prayers are a special prayer. And the khutba of Friday prayer bears special significance; lots of hasanaat are associated with Friday Khutba.

      If someone joins a friday prayer anytime after khutba and before the Imam says taslim, he shall be considered to have joined the congregational prayer, as per rulings of prayers in congregation. However, this ruling does not give us a free choice of reaching the masjid (on Friday prayer’s time) late every time and joining the prayers after completion of Khutba. This will be intentional, and will amount to a sin.

      Reaching masjid on proper time for Friday prayers before start of Khutba and listening the khutba attentively/sincerely is a ‘wajib’ act. We cannot miss it intentionally. However, if due to some unavoidable circumstances if we reach masjid late and miss the Khutba, then Allah is Most Forgiving, Inshallah He shall forgive us.

      And Allah knows best.

  12. As-salam alaykum
    ℓ am a corper serving in a christian state where there’s no a single masjid to observe solat not to talk of jumuah. Please what to be done?

    • Wa alaikum Salam warahmatallah,

      It is sad to know that there is no masjid in your place to offer Salat. In such a case you have two options:
      1. You, along with your other Muslim fellows, should work towards constructing a masjid in your place to ensure that you do not miss Friday prayers, Eid prayers and other congregational prayers.
      2. If the local authorities and/or circumstances do not permit you in achieving the task mentioned in Point 1, then you should leave that place and try and getting settled in a place where there is no such limitation.

      And Allah knows best.

  13. Mohammad Hassan

    Assalamualaikum… My mom says she heard that Jummah isn’t valid if I don’t pray Fazar. I haven’t find any document anywhere like that. Can someone please clear me about this?

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      I am not aware of any such condition which says that Friday prayer is not valid if Fajr prayer is not offered.

      And Allah knows best.

  14. a/s …
    can you give me the reference of hadith in which prophet(pbuh) says about i want tmo burn house of those who don’t attend friday prayer….!

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      I am not aware of any such hadith. Somewhat similar hadith has been reported about Fajr prayer, but nothing such for Friday prayer.

      And Allah knows best.

  15. asalamu alykum. .jaxakalah brother as it is clear now that we can pray either 2 or 4 rakat nawafil after 2 rakat farz of jumah. Now i would like to know what about the nawafils before 2 rakat farz of jumah, is it 2 or 4 or both?

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      As far as I know, there are no Muakkada nawafils to be offered before Juma’a prayer. I am not aware of any hadith which supports this.

      And Allah knows best.

  16. Assalam Alaikum,

    I am living in Italy for education. I want to ask is Namaz e Jummah farz for me or not? The mosque is quite far here in my city, 40 mins walk at least, and also mostly I have classes at that time. Except that, I try to offer all other salah regularly, but at home. Please comment

    JazakAllah

    • Wa alaikum Salam Warahmatallah,

      My dear brother, Friday prayer cannot be offered at home, and is farz (also for you). Ideally, if you are unable to offer Friday prayer because you are living in Italy, then instead of thinking to leave Friday prayer, you should think of leaving that country.

      In order to materialize our ambitions, we go and live in these countries, and then end up in such situations. We don’t realize that we are going to these places at a very high price; the price could deprive us a place in Paradise in Hereafter. But who cares, aan? It is high time we Muslims start seeing with both eyes.

      And Allah knows best.

  17. i am a woman and i would want to know, how any rakats does a woman have to pray for jummah prayer?? is it the 14 rakaats or the normal zuhr which we daily pray?? please carify… i dnt want to pray wrong on a day so special like jummah…

    • Salam alaikum,

      No. of raka’ats are same for men and/or women for any Salat. Same holds for Friday prayer.

      Friday prayers and Eid prayers have been emphasized a lot by our Prophet (PBUH). These prayers cannot be performed at home, and should be performed in a masjid in a congregation. Men and women both are encouraged to go out and join these prayers; even menstruating women are encouraged to go and join the gathering but they should stay away from praying because of their menses. Therefore, there is no different prayer for women for Friday prayers. But sadly in Indian sub-continent, this is not respected. There are no places for women to pray in masjids for these special prayers. Scholars should look into this matter seriously.

      If you pray at home, it shall be the normal Dhuhr prayer, because Friday prayer cannot be offered at home.

      And Allah knows best.

  18. i have a question….

    can we sit and pray every rakaat???

    cause in the process of sitting and standing i become breathless….

    is it ok if we pray the entire salat sitting??? or is it a wrong way of praying???

    please help!!!!!

    • Salam alaikum,

      Yes, it is allowed to perform Salat while sitting. But this should be done only due a genuine reason, otherwise the reward of the prayer is reduced.

      No, it is not wrong, but as I said, there should be a valid reason for sitting. If your health doesn’t allow you to pray while standing, you can pray while sitting.

      And Allah knows best.

  19. waleum assalam….

    as i said i get breathless in the process of sitting and standing… i cannot breathe properly… so for me i hope its ok….

  20. assalamu alaikum…

    another quiery of mine… may Allah bless u cos ur helping a muslim sister go thru a life in allah’s path…

    the guy i am getting married to is taking a divorce with his wife… he wanted to divorce his wife even before i was in his life. he had his own personal resons with i dont want to disclose….

    now the peroblem is he has a daughter and a son… he wants to take away his daughter and give away his son to his wife after his divorce with…

    according to islam is it right to take away a child from a mother??? i mean after divorce can she stay with e an accept me as mom inspite of she having a mom???

    will i be doing any sin by taking away her child from her mom???

    will the person who is giving divorce doing any sin takin away his own daughter away from her mom???

    please explain me in detail…

    allah hafiz!!!!

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      You are welcome to ask as many questions you want; it is my duty to help my brothers and sisters in Islam in whichever way I can.

      Coming to the problem of custody of children of your would be husband, first we should know what are the ages of the children. There can be two cases:

      Case 1: If the children are grown up, and Case 2. If the children are not grown up. let us talk about both cases separately.

      Case 1. If the children are of adult age (grown ups), then they have the right to choose with whom they want to go after divorce of their parents. This is authenticated by following hadith:

      Hadith No. 2277, Book of Divorce, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol.3. – It was reported from Abu Maimunah Salma, the freed slave of some people of Madinah, a truthful man, that he said: Once, while I was sitting with Abu Hurairah (RA), a Persian aldy came to him with a son of hers. Her husband had divorced her, and both of them were claiming him. She said, speaking to him in Farsi, “My husband wants to take my son.” Abu Hurairah replied, “Draw lots over him.” Her husband then came and said, “Who is trying to snatch my child away from me?” Abu Hurairah (RA) said, “O Allah! I am only saying this because I heard a woman who had come to Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) while I was sitting with him who said: O Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)! My husband wishes to take my son away from me, even he (the son) gives me water from the well of Abu Inabah, and is of benefit to me. So Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) replied: Draw lots over him. But her husband said: Who is trying to snatch my child away from me? The Prophet (PBUH) then said: This is your father, and this is your mother. Take the hand of whichever you please. And he took the hand of his mother, so she took him away.”

      Therefore, if children are grown up, they should be given the choice of going with whomever they want. This is Sunnah.

      Case 2. If children are not grown up, then the mother has right to take them, but only in that condition that she is not going to re-marry to another person. If she doesn’t go for re-marriage, the children (who are not grown up) will remain with her, but if she goes for re-marriage with another person, the children will go to her previous husband (i.e. the father of her children). This is authenticated by following hadith:

      Hadith No. 2276, Book of Divorce, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 3. – Amr bin Shuaib narrated from hsi father, from his grandfather that a woman said, “O Allah’s Messenger! This son of mine, my womb was a protective bag for him, and my breasts were his sustenance, and my house was a protection from him. Now, his father has divorced me, and wishes to take him away from me.” The Prophet (PBUH) said to her, “You have more right to him, as long as you do not re-marry.”

      Thus, both cases have been explained here for you. Please take decision accordingly.

      And Allah knows best.

      • thank u for the explanation…

        daughter is 4 years and obviously she would re marry someone in her life… it wont happen right after divorce but in a year or two she will marry someone… and in that case would it be ok if my would be will take away his daughter to himself??? and financially also she cannot afford to take care of both the children… son is 4 months old, so he needs to be his mother. and daughter is 4 as i said and now that her schooling and all that will start she will not be able to afford… so what to do??? she wants both her children but my would be says she can the son and he will take his daughter…

        • Salam alaikum,

          As I had explained earlier, the man cannot take the children from their mother if the children are not grown up. When that women re-marries, the children will automatically come to the father.

          Even if the children live with mother, the responsibility of father for his children’s expenses does not ends. There is no question of mother affording the expenses for upbringing of the children; this responsibility is on shoulders of the father, and will remain so even after he divorces the mother of those children. Divorce ends the relationship between husband-wife, but the relationship between father-children is not broken.

          My suggestion is that the man should wait patiently and act as the circumstances warrant according to Islamic rulings. Do not take decisions on any assumptions or personal wishes.

          And Allah knows best.

  21. assalamu alaikum wa rehmatullahi wa barkaatahu.

    i have one major issue…

    i had a doubt that my wife speaks to my friend behind my back… i even had a doubt that they even had a physical relation once wen i went out of town, he is my childhood friend and i know him wen he lies to me… i know him very well and i know he was a and is a very big pervert…. even after his marriage he was physical with many females… we live in the same colony…
    i have two kids and i cant divorce my wife… but i dont want to get physical with her cos i am very sure she cheated on me…

    what do i do please help me…..

    is it a sin still after so much also not to sleep with my wife as it is her haq???

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah Wabarakatuhu,

      There are many crucial points raised by your query, and I would be highlighting those for you:

      1. Islam does not allow us to accuse any woman unless we have proof/evidence against her. If your accusation against your wife is wrong, it amounts to a major sin on your part. So, be extremely careful before making any such accusation.

      2. If you are aware of pervert nature of your friend, then it is so sorry to know that you still have him as your friend.

      3. If you have doubt on your wife, but cannot gather evidence against her, you should not raise this matter to anyone. Rather, talk to your wife about your doubts. As long as you guys remain husband-wife, you and your wife cannot and should not deprive each other from each others physical requirements.

      May Allah help you in your matters. Pray to Allah for guidance.

      And Allah knows best.

  22. i have no evidence as such and he is not my friend anymore….

    but cos i know my wife very well i know wen she lies about something….

    from where can i get a proof and even if i get the proof i wud be ashamed to get it out in front of others…

    and yes i spoke to my wife about it, but nobody wud accept that they cheated…

    any other female would have cried to death on such accusation, but my wife just gave me a big lecture about every possible thing and after that she started behaving normal…, as if nothing happened… which girl would behave like this if she is right?

    anyways allah knows what i am going thru but really is islam this? that i know the truth from heart and just because i have no proof i have to suffer?

    • Salam alaikum,

      If you do not have any evidence against you wife, then you should bring four witnesses to testify against her. If you are not able to bring four witnesses, then you can swear by Allah four times and spell out accusation against your wife, and then you should swear fifth time saying that if you are a liar then Allah’s curse/wrath be upon you. However, your wife has the option of saving herself from any punishment (after your swearing) by swearing herself in the name of Allah four times that her husband is lying, and then she should also swear/testify fifth time saying that if she is liar then Allah’s curse/wrath be upon her.

      This is the ruling laid down by Islam for such cses. However, be very careful because in such case, one of the person will confirm Allah’s wrath upon him/her. Therefore, act carefully and wisely.

      Islam has given us the solution of everything. So, please do not blame Islam for anything. Just follow Islam for the sake of betterment of all.

      And ALlah knows best.

      • thank u and sorry too for being bit rude.

        Let me also tell u that after i got married and we had our daughter, we just had a fight iver my daughter’s issue, as her parents would interfere a lot in my personal family matters. so my wife happened to file a case against me and my parents. it took me a year and half to get out of the case. it was under section 498 a. inspite of all these i never went for a divorce cos of my kid. and in so any years i went thru a lot with her. i always fear that she might end up filing a case if i say her anything. even my family fears sometimes. i have no love for her, i rather just fear her and i cant divorce her bcos of my kids.

        do i still have to give her, her HAQ? i mean if all my responsibilities are done and i restrict from physical love a bit then is it not ok?? is it still a sin?? please help e brother.

        and i wish to marry again… and if it so happens that i will love my second wife but due to my past i will not be able to give so much love to my first, will it be like i am not doing justice???

        i want to be happy to. i cannot life fear.. allah knows my problems truly. and i am wishing and prayin inshallah i will get all that love from my second wife. help me and let me know if its sin that i dont make love with first wife and do it with second one… i have told u what has happened in past…. help me thru this…

        • Salam alaikum,

          You don’t want to live like a husband with your wife; you are certain of her wrong character; you cannot develop feelingsfor her; but still want to live with her (can’t divorce her). Why do we make things so complicated? Why can’t you understand this simple thing: As long as she is your wife, you have to give her her rights. You are free to marry another lady, no problems. But if you are sure about your future with your first wife, it is better to divorce her. Keep it simple.

          May Allah help you!

          And Allah knows best.

  23. Dear Admin,
    please help me with this question, i am really tense about that a lot,,,,,,,,,,,

    1. i am working in desert in abu dhabi, and i do not live in city, and my work place is almost 30 minutes away from the main mosque where everyone prays friday prayer,,, we have small container which we using it as a mosque,,, but the problem is some people say we are not allowed to pray jumma/friday prayer in this container, because not accepted, some says yes,,, i am confused, because i use to look for any arabic person and he use to read khutba , and we have friday prayer,, but help me out please,

    • Salam alaikum,

      Traditionally, Friday prayers were to be arranged to one major mosque in each city. This was due to the fact that a big gathering is recommended for Friday prayers. However, later on the Friday prayers started getting arranged in smaller mosques also.

      There is no fixed number of attendees fo Friday prayer specified in Islam; neither is there any specied size of masjid in which Friday prayers should be arranged. However, the most important criterion to be remembered for Friday prayers is that these prayers are recommended to be held in big gatherings. Therefore, we hould take decisions accordingly.

      Keeping in view the bove mentioned points, if your work related circumtances force to make a smaller arrangement for Friday prayers, it can’t be termed as invalid. But still I would recommend that you should try to find out a way that you go and offer prayers in main mosque in your area. However, if circumstances are really unavoidable, then Inshallah your smaller arrangement should be OK as well. It all depends on Niyyah.

      And Allah knows best.

  24. THANKS AND GOD BLESS

  25. amena anzum ador

    can u please tell me if rasul (saw ) told anything about the language of saying khutbah or it is compulsory to say khutbahbin arabic??? as I m a bangladeshi n my mother tongue is bengoli..so it is hard for me to understand it..so I lost concentration. ..

    • Salam alaikum,

      It is not compulsory to say Khutbah in Arabic language. There are several masjids around the world where Khutbah is delivered in other languages too.

      And Allah knows best.

  26. Assalamu Alaihkum, Pls i want to comfirm the clear ruling about supplication during the short sitting by imam during friday khudba. most of the people do pray during that time with understandng that supplication ishe accepted during the time. while some ulama says that this is not sunnah.
    jakallah

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      Refer to following hadith:

      Abu Burdah bin Abi Musa Al-Ash’ari said: Abdullah bin Umar (RA) asked me, “Have you heard your father narrating from Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) regarding Friday – meaning the Hour (of response)?” I said, “Yes, I heard him say: I heard Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) say: It is between the time that the Imam sits down until prayer is finished.” – (Hadith No. 1049, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

      Based on this hadith, which also reported by Imam Ibn Majah in his Sunan, we can infer that first sitting of Imam takes place after completion of Khutbah’s first part. And as we have to be silent during other half of Khutbah also, therefore, the break between two Khutbah parts can be considered as an important time for supplication.

      The other view, which do not agree with first view gets support from following hadith:

      Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “Friday has twelve – meaning hours – to it. There is no Muslim who asks Allah for anything (during it) except that Allah gives it to him, so seek it during the last hour after Asr.” – (Hadith No. 1048, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

      So, it is up to an individual, whichever option he/she agrees with a clean niyyah, Inshallah he/she get rewards for that.

      And Allah knows best.

  27. In most of the countries, Juma prayer is delayed for about 30 to 40 minutes from Luhur Azan. Can you clarify.
    a) What is the ruling for such man made timings when Luhur Azan is the specific time to start Juma.
    b) What are the permissible delays that can be allowed for starting juma prayer.

    Note. Man made timings. Without any specific cause but the country decides what time to start Juma prayer.

    • Salam alaikum,

      Please refer to another article titled “Time(s) of Prayers” which is available on our website. Inshallah that shall be helpful in this matter.

      Jazak Allah.

  28. I heard people saying that if you want the blessing of friday prayer you should be at mosque before friday speech.if you came late then all the doors of blessing is closed.is it true?

    • Salam alaikum,

      Yes, it is true. There are many narrations which tell us that the angels stand at the entrance of the masjid at the time of Friday prayer and keep noting the names of the people who come for Friday paryers. When the Khutabh starts, the angels stop, close their book and start listenimg to the Khutbah. This shows importance of reaching the masjid before the Khutbah starts; this leads to additional blessings.

      And Allah knows best.

  29. A Wife With A Question

    How can I get my husband to WANT to go to Friday prayer? He will go with me if I go, but because I am a woman I do not go every single Friday. And if I am at school (we go to different schools) I will go to my school for the kutbah without him.
    I tried to tell him it is mandatory for men and it is an act of worship, but he tells me that working is also an act. He is in school right now and may get kicked out if he does not past his exams. Every time I bring this up, he claims he is trying to study to make a better life for us and our family and doing that is his responsibility and an act of worship also.
    When I keep telling him that he is not doing what he is supposed to do, he begins to tells me that I am not doing what I am suppose to do.
    What should I do? Telling him that it is important and showing him the merits is not working if it is coming from me.

    • Salam alaikum,

      If you have tried your best, and still your husband doesn’t understands, try giving him a print-out of this article. May be he will get something out of it. Then let some other elders of your family also talk to him on this matter.

      Having done all on your part, leave him to Allah, and pray to Allah for His help.

      Inshallah all shall be well.

      And Allah knows best.

  30. if iam late to friday prayer , are my prayers going to be accepted?? if i get last rakat of Friday prayer in jamath is it accepted ??

    • Salam alaikum,

      In context of Friday prayer, we should remember that going early to masjid is recommended. Listening to Khutbah is a virtuous deed having many rewards associated with it. Therefore, we should always reach masjid well in time (before start of Friday Khutbah) to offer Friday prayers. If we make it a habit to reach late, the essence of Friday prayer is not respected. This congregation of Friday prayer is done in order that all gather at a single place to offer collective prayer once a week. The gathering unifies the Ummah. A sermon is delivered to preach, teach and spread awareness among the Ummah about crucial matters related to society in Islamic view. Therefore, it is our duty to respect the essence of this congregation.

      In case of any unavoidable circumstances, if someone reaches late and catches the prayer in last raka’at, then it should be OK. Only Allah knows whose prayers are going to be accepted or not. But as a general principle, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that if we catch even a single raka’at of a prayer, we catch the prayer.

      But please do not make it a routine to join Friday paryers late.

      And Allah knows best.

  31. As Salaamu ‘alaikum

    our local imam mentioned that when a person miss a friday prayer due to work, their earnings from the last friday to the friday there is no barakah in it. is this true? are there hadith to back this up?

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      I am not aware of any direct narration stating this. But it can be a derived inference. Feel free to ask your Imam for the reference on which his view/statement is based.

      And Allah knows best.

  32. Assalamwalaikum,
    What should I do if I missed the friday prayer without any valid reason? I asked for Allah’s forgivness many times but I am not satisfied. Please avice.

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      Just keep praying to Allah for His forgiveness. And make sincere promise that you won’t do so in future, come what may.

      We should be always hopeful of Allah’s Mercy. Insha’Allah all should be well.

      And Allah knows best.

  33. As-Salamu-Allekum. My question is thing to do on friday and how to observe it. Prayers to recite on fridays.

    • Wa alaikum Salam Warahmatallah,

      The subject article explains all these things in detail. Please go through the article thoroughly.

      Jazak Allah.

  34. Assalam alaikum,

    I am travelling (holiday and not business trip) on thursday night as it is a scheduled trip from a tour operator. I most definitely wouldn’t want to skip friday InShaAllah as friday morning i will be in vienna. However since we are leaving from Germany on thursday night, i will not have a hotel room where i could take shower on friday morning. In my case would it be okay to take shower on thursday night itself? because the whole night i will be travelling by bus. Kindly reply And Jazakallah

  35. I have a quastion from admin.

    My boss at work did not acommodate with me to let me to go to for Jummaha (friday) pray, and I need the job to support my family, also i can not hear jummah Adan as well so i have one week notice to quit going to jummah and work or leave the work, i really need help on this issue as soon as posible.

    • Salam alaikum,

      Which part of the world are you living in brother? It is sad to know that you are being forced to stay away from your Juma prayer.

      The immediate step you should take is to talk to your management that you won’t accept any restriction in context of offering your farz prayers. Make it clear to your management. If they do force you still, it will be in your benefit to look for another job.

      Remember, rizq is from Allah, and He has decreed our share of rizq. So, don’t be scared of what will happen if you lose the job. Have tawakkul in Allah; He will make things easy for you, Insha’Allah.

      Do not skip farz prayer.

      May Allah help you!

      And Allah knows best.

      • WalikomAslam

        Im living UK,

        How a bout if they acommodate and get agree that i can do one Jumah and i misse one but im sure i will live it it till i get anathor job is that fine i really need help soon.

        Salam mualakom

        • Wa alaikum Salam Warahmatallah,

          Do not miss Friday prayer because of restrictions put on you by your office. That will constitute sin on your part.

          Your priority should be what Allah has told us to do. Take decision accordingly.

          And Allah knows best.

  36. Assalamualaikum,
    i usually attend Jummah every week however this week i am travelling to another town for an important event and the nearest mosque is a couple of hours away. The thing is that i may not be given a long enough break to travel to the mosque and back, so what do i do??!! Is it possible for me to go to another room and pray??!!
    I would be extremely grateful for an urgent reply
    Jazakallah

    • Wa alaikum Salam Warahmatallah,

      I personally do not plan tours in a manner which may jeopardize my Friday prayer. We all should be careful about this matter.

      However, if you face unavoidable circumstances, please take safest decision at your end with a clean niyyah.

      May Allah help you in this matter.

      And Allah knows best.

      • Jazakallah for your reply and i feel it is my duty to attend the Friday prayer so I will try and take time out, but if for some reason i miss Jummah (buses come every 45 mins) would it be acceptable to pray in another room? And if so would i be praying Jummah or Zuhr?

        • Salam alaikum,

          If due to some unavoidable reason you miss Friday prayer, and then you offer prayer at home, it shall be the normal Dhuhr prayer. Friday prayer cannot be offered alone.

          And Allah knows best.

  37. Take salam admin.. May allah help u for more published..

  38. assalaam aleikum wa ramatullah wabarakaatuh
    sheikh…u are new in a certain country and so u’ve prayed several jumaa prayers and the sermons are given out in the national language that u don’t understand…clarify me on its effects on your prayers n wat shld I be doing when the sermons are one…Allah yahfadhk

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah Wabarakatuhu,

      Even if you are in a Friday prayer where the Khutbah is delivered in a language which you don’t understand, you have to be attentive and respectful during the Khutbah. Most of the countries deliver Khutbah in Arabic languages; even in India and Pakistan, the Khutbah is delivered in Arabic language; and 99.9% of the listeners won’t be understanding that. But still whatever are the rulings associated with being there while Khutbah is being is delivered, all those have to be respected.

      It should not have any adverse effect on your prayer Insha’Allah.

      Having said that, my personal view and a strong advice to all authorities related to these matters is that they should arrange for delivering Friday prayer sermons (& Eid prayer sermons) in the local language so as to enable and benefit the listeners. If required, one portion of Khutbah may be retained in Arabic language in order to be satisfied that we end up delivering at least a portion of Khutbah in a language similar to what the Prophet (PBUH) used to do while in Friday prayer.

      And Allah knows best.

  39. I missed one rakat in jummah prayers, how do i pay or complete the missed? Do i have to recite aloud or silent
    Please support with a reference from AHADITH
    Jazakallahu khairan

    • Salam alaikum,

      There are many narrations concerni9gn what should a person do if he catches a prayer in mid of it (i.e. if he misses one or two raka’at in any farz congregational prayer). I will mention some narrations in the context of this question which shall enable you Insha’Allah to understand the rulings associated with this:

      1. It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Whoever catches one raka’at of Friday, let him add another raka’at to it.” – (Hadith No. 1121, Chapters of Establishing the Prayer and the Sunnah regarding them, Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 2).

      2. It was narrated that Ibn Umar (RA0 said: Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “Whoever catches one raka’at of Friday prayer or other than it, then he has caught the prayer.” – (Hadith No. 1123, Chapters of Establishing the Prayer and the Sunnah regarding them, Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 2).

      3. It was narrated from Salim (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “Whoever catches up with a raka’at of one of the prayers has caught up with it, except that he has to make up the portion that he missed.” – (Hadith No. 559, Book of the Times, Sunan An-Nasai’, Vol. 1).

      4. Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA): The Prophet (PBUH) said, “When you hear the Iqama, proceed to offer As-Salat with calmness and solemnity and do not make haste. And pray whatever you are able to offer and complete whatever you have missed.” – (Hadith No. 636, Book of Adhan, Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1).

      Based on these narrations, the answer to your query is that if someone misses one raka’at of Friday prayer, then he should offer the missed raka’at after the Imam says Taslim (i.e. he should not say Taslim with Imam, rather he should stand up and perform the missed raka’at). Whether he should recite loudly or silently is entirely up to his decision. But imagine that if there are other persons than him who also missed one raka’at and all of them start reciting loudly in their missed raka’at, how will it be? Every one will be disturbed by other’s loud recitation. Therefore, I personally prefer that one should recite silently in such cases.

      I hope this clarifies your query.

      And Allah knows best.

  40. Assalaam alaikum
    my question is ……. is the friday prayer compulsory for women..
    And how many rakats should a women pray for Friday .
    Thank you.
    Jazakallah

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      Refer to following hadith:

      It was reported from Tariq bin Shihab from the Prophet (PBUH), that he said: “The Friday prayer in congregation is an obligation on every single Muslim, except for four: an owned slave, a woman, a child and a sick person.” – (Hadith No. 1067, Book of Salat, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 1).

      Based on this narration, offering Friday prayer in a congregation in a Masjid is not compulsory for women. However, it is recommended for women to join congregational prayer on Friday. If she doesn’t join, there is no sin on her.

      If she prays in masjid, she will follow the Imam and offer 2 raka’at.

      If she does not go to Masjid, she will offer normal Zuhr prayer (i.e. 4 raka’at) at her home.

      And Allah knows best.

  41. Assalamalaikum,
    I am visiting US for two weeks for Business(Sent by my company). I am returning back to US on friday.I am starting from Kokomo(8 AM) to Indiana(12 PM) to Detroit(Reaching there at 2 PM) and then from Detroit(Starting at 5 PM) back to India. As all this travel is happening on Friday how can i offer Juma Namaz.
    Please guide me…

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      Dear brother, if we have concern and importance for our prayers, then we should plan our travels in such a way so as not to miss our prayers. Now that you will be travelling on Friday in the manner described by you, what can I say to guide/help you.

      May be the planning of tour wasn’t in your hands. Nevertheless, the end result is that you shall be ending up missing Friday prayer. In such a case, at least pray Dhuhr prayer in lieu of Friday prayer. Make dua to Allah for this miss. And take care in future journeys about your prayers.

      And Allah knows best.

  42. asslam o alicom
    i have a problem and i m confused plz gaid me we can use a perfume when we goes to Masjid becuse some perfume make with alkohal plz can we use every perfume?

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      I want to throw some light on this matter from another angle. Gold and Silk are declared haraam for the believing men, but gold and silk in their essence are not impure. If men keep gold with them for investment purpose, then it can’t be regarded as haraam. Similarly, most of the scholars of Islam are of the opinion that although the consumption of alcohol is haraam, but alcohol present in perfumes (in form of benzyl or ethyl or pentyl alcohol) in itself cannot be categorized similar to that of alcohol present in wine.

      One who has studied organic chemistry at his/her college level will be able to understand that alcohol is a chemical which has several different chemical compositions. In organic chemistry, the alcohols are considered to be a very important chemical compound and are generally denoted as R-OH. These chemical derivatives of alcohols are used in variety of industries. For example:

      Ethanol and methyl butanol are used in beverages like wines, beer etc. This category of products is absolutely prohibited in Islam.

      Ethanol and Methanol are also used as fuels. These are used in Turbo-charged engines to impart more power. This is allowed for us to use.

      Some derivatives of alcohols have found use in anti-freeze products. We use it.

      Similarly, some forms of alcohols are used as solvents in perfume industry. And we debate about it.

      Thus, there is no harm if one uses perfumes and the alcoholic compound used in making the perfume touches the clothes or some parts of the body, as long as it is not consumed and entered into the body.

      However, the safest way would be if we change our alcohol based perfumes with ‘itr’ or perfumes which do not contain any alcohol; this shall absolutely remove any doubts which may exist.

      And Allah knows best.

  43. Salam alaikum

    Is it mandatory that qutba should be said in arabic language? Coz my relatives argue that its a bida’h to say qutba in our regional language..saying that prophet(pbuh) said qutba in arabic ,..
    They tell ”just like salah’s in arabic,khutba should also be in arabic as both are farz things.so we dont have the right to change it into our language.”
    But qutba is preaching right? So its primary goal is to make people understand..then how can it be a bidah? Is it true?

    Pls explain on the basis of evidences from quran and sunnah

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      According to my understanding, it is not mandatory to have Khutbah only in Arabic.

      To say that Khutbah is a farz is not correct. Khutbah is a Sunnah and may be categorized as Wajib. refer to following narrations:

      Abu Hurairah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said: “Whoever catches a raka’at of the prayer, then he has caught the prayer.” – (Hadith No. 524, Chapters on Al-Juma’, Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Vol. 1).

      and,

      It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Whoever catches one raka’at of Friday, let him add another raka’at to it.” – (Hadith No. 1121, Chapters of Establishing the Prayer, Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 2).

      Had Khutbah been a ‘farz’ like Salat, then the Prophet (PBUH) would not have said these statements. Therefore, we should not argue about this matter. Also, Khutbah is not only delivered in Friday prayer, but it is also delivered in Eid prayers, Salat-al-Kusuf etc. Therefore, we should understand that the real purpose of a Khutbah is to preach and deliver some message to the masses. And that is the reason why it is recommended heavily to offer Friday prayers in mass congregations.

      Yes, Khutbah is a Sunnah, and thus, non-Arab Muslims in their Friday prayers may maintain one portion of Khutbah in Arabic language to stick to Sunnah. But as you said that the purpose of Khutbah is to preach, to give message to the Muslim community, and hence, if the community does not understand the message the purpose of delivering a religious sermon is defeated. Therefore, I don’t think it is mandatory to give Khutbah only in Arabic language.

      I cannot provide you any reference for Khutbah to be delivered in other languages, as I am not aware of any such reference. Also, at the same time there is no such hadith (or verse in Qur’an) which prohibits delivering Khutbah in any other language. Therefore, in absence of any such prohibition, it is absolutely OK to do so. And almost all scholars of the world are in unanimous agreement on this matter.

      Such limited understanding of religion makes our religion appear very weak in front of Non-Muslims. We should understand the religion to perform our religious duties properly.

      And Allah knows best.

      • Assalamu alaikum

        Is there any difference between fard and wajib?. I have heard that they both hold the same meaning that is performing it brings reward and avoiding it brings punishment.
        Also I did not really get the meaning of those 2 hadiths…pls explain it ….and how does it have connection with qutba? Pls clarify.

        Jazak Allah khair

        • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

          There is a difference between Fard and Wajib.

          Fard is something which is compulsory, and one has to do it without any fail. Not doing the Fard acts amounts to sin and may make a person liable to receive punishment for that. Salat, Zakat, Hajj, Saum etc. are all Fard acts and every Muslims (except for those on whom there are exceptions in certain cases) have to perform these without fail.

          If I want to explain this by an example from our day-to-day lives, you can take an example of a worker who has signed an agreement of employment with his/her Employer to work 8 hours a day for six days a week, and every day his work starts from morning 8 AM and ends at evening 4 PM (as an example). Now it is compulsory for the worker to come on time and give these many hours daily to his company in order to earn his salary. This is his duty, and he cannot run away from this. If he runs from this i.e. if he works irregularly on some days (like 3 hours or 5 hours or 6 hours only and goes away), or if he doesn’t turn up for duty for entire day or more than one day (except than his authorized vacations), then that will mean that the person is not performing his duty rightly. The Employer will take note of it and can take disciplinary action against him, like cutting his salary or even terminating his service contract.

          This is a case of compulsory acts (i.e. Fard) and the sins of not doing them.

          Now let us come to what exactly Wajib means. The term “Wajib’ means ‘responsibility’. It is not ‘Fard’, but in fact a voluntary act. In context of Salat, an example of ‘Wajib’ act can be the ‘Witr’ prayer. Although this prayer is a Nawafil prayer, but it is a bit above other Nawafil prayers in the sense that it is considered as a Wajib prayer (though some scholars may not consider so, but I personally hold this view that Witr is a Wajib prayer). It is responsibility of every Muslim that he performs Witr prayer. Let me give an example of ‘Wajib’ act form our day-to-day lives in order you understand it easily.

          Working from 8 AM till 4 PM is a compulsory for a worker to earn his minimum salary. But what should he do if some urgent work comes to him, let us say, exactly at 3:55 PM i.e. just 5 minutes before he is supposed to leave. Also, if the nature of this work is so crucial to the operations of the Employer/Company, that if not handled immediately, it might cause a huge loss to the work, then such a work becomes all the more important. And add to it that only one particular worker is expert in solving that problem. But that worker is now about to finish his duty in 5 minutes. SO shall that worker go away irrespective of that crucial work? The answer is ‘No’. As he is the expert in solving such problems, therefore, it is his responsibility to stay even after 4 PM in such a case and solve the problem. This is his ‘responsibility’. This is ‘Wajib’ on him.

          This is just an example to explain the thin difference between a ‘Fard’ act and a ‘Wajib’ act. I hope it clarifies it for you.

          Now let us come to the two ahadith which you couldn’t understand in context of their connection with Khutbah of Friday prayer.

          One hadith says that whoever catches even one raka’at of prayer, he has caught the prayer. The other hadith says that whoever misses one raka’at of Friday prayer, he should add one raka’at to it. These ahadith tell us that if someone joins a congregational prayer even in last raka’at, it shall be considered as reward of whole Salat, but he has to perform the remaining raka’at which he missed (i.e. those which were performed prior to his joining the congregation). Friday prayer has only two raka’at, and if someone joins late and one raka’at ahs already finished, still he will get the reward for the prayer, and all he has to do is to pray the missed raka’at after completion of the congregation.

          This is referring to a case when a person is coming to Friday prayer late and joining it in second raka’at, which means he has missed the Khutbah. But still, the prophet (PBUH) says that he has caught up with the Salat. Had Khutbah been a Fard part of the Friday prayer, then missing it would have meant that the Salat has been missed. But that is not the case if we see these two ahadith. Therefore, Khutbah is not a Fard part of Friday prayer. Rather, it is a recommended Sunnah, a Wajib you may call it; it brings us lots and lots of rewards. Missing it would mean we miss those rewards.

          However, it does not mean that people should avoid Khutbah and make it a habit to join Friday prayers late. That will be wrong. In fact, our intention should be to reach Masjid on Friday at a time before Khutbah starts, and we should ensure that we do so regularly.

          I hope this clarifies your doubts.

          Feel free to write back in case any doubt remains.

          And Allah knows best.

          • Yes! You have once again explained it really well…. Alhamadulillah
            Those examples really helped.
            Thankyou so much

  44. Our Mosque is now setting up two Fridays Jummah prayers one at 1pm one at 3:30 which is claiming to be for students etc…. Now isnt this Not Allowed?I tried to point this out with The fact it says in Quran that you are not supposed to miss the Friday Jummah and adding another one because people cannot make the first is an innovative but they dont listen, not only that when i pointed out how will they do that in winter when ASR comes in around 2:30 they just deleated my message! What can i do to get them to understand better? Am I wrong?

    • Salam alaikum,

      Please accept my apologies for delayed response as I was out of town for last two weeks and had no access to these mails/messages.

      Such decisions depend on the local situations. Why don’t you suggest them to make a single congregational prayer for Friday only at 3:30 PM, which can accommodate students as well as others. Doing so shall ensure that all indifferences are wiped out. Doing so shall also ensure that a bigger congregation takes place.

      Similarly in different seasons, they can arrange the prayer at the last possible time to accommodate as many people as possible.

      Such solutions can be looked into to avoid any differences.

      And Allah knows best.

  45. Assalamu alaikum!
    i really appriciate your effort for spreading teaching of islam.may Allah give you more health and power to perform your task more effeciently.
    Sir please gudie me that how many total rakats ate there in friday prayer………and what is its sequence mean that how many should be perform before compulsory prayer and how many after that?
    looking forward t

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      All praise is for Allah alone. Jazak Allah khair for your appreciative words, and ‘Aameen’ to your duas.

      If you read the subject article “Friday Prayers” thoroughly, Insha’Allah you will get all the required information about how many raka’at are offered in Friday prayer. Please read the article carefully and sincerely. Insha’Allah all your doubts shall get clarified.

      Feel free to write back if doubts persist.

      Jazak Allah khair.

  46. Mohamad Fakhereddin

    Asalaamu alaykum,

    I am currently registered to take a standardized test on June 19, 2015 which is a Friday. The test is at 8am and is roughly 7.5 hours long with a few 10 minute breaks throughout. It is also in another city (it’s in London, Ontario… I live in Windsor, Ontario). Obviously the test goes through Friday prayer, so I was wondering how is this situation considered? This is the only convienient day to write the test but I would technically have to miss Friday prayer? Is there any exception for missing prayer in my situation? If not, what do I do?

    Jazaka’Allah khairun

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      I don’t know what to say in this matter. I personally never plan myself nor do I advise any of my close ones to plan their schedules in a manner that will make them miss their prayer as important as that of Friday. If the test is such a crucial one that you cannot re-schedule or miss, and your career depends on it, then may be Allah accepts your miss. Only Allah knows about it. Make dua to Allah sincerely about the matter. Review your situation about how crucial the test is for you and your life.

      Take decision accordingly.

      And Allah knows best.

  47. What is the Islamic ruling on preaching on friday before Iman started khuba.?

    • Salam alaikum,

      I assume that by preaching before Friday Khutbah you are referring to informal khutbah which the Imam/Scholar does from Masjid just before start of formal Khutbah. I don’t think there is any problem in that. In fact, Khutbah is also preaching. Therefore, there should be no problem in that.

      At least I am not aware of any ruling which prohibits that.

      And Allah knows best.

  48. Many hadiths state that the Prophet (Sallahu Alaywasalam) performed sunnah prayers after Friday prayer at home and not at the mosque. Can we perform at either place, or is it only after we go home and then we can pray the 2 or 4 sunnah prayers?

    • Salam alaikum,

      You can perform Sunnah/Nawafil prayers anywhere, in masjid or in home. However, it is recommended to offer nawafil prayers at home.

      And Allah knows best.

  49. Assalam-o-alaikum.
    i have read in Islamyat book that in which mosque to say Friday prayer. there is not to say zoher prayer. please clear this. if it is right but why please explain this.

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      I infer more than one question from your query, and shall answer all Insha’Allah.

      1. After Friday prayer, there should not be Dhuhr prayer in Masjid.

      The Friday prayer is a compulsory congregational prayer which replaces the Dhuhr prayer on Friday. Therefore, there should not be any question of offering a Dhuhr prayer after Friday prayer. There is no basis in Islam for offering Dhuhr prayer after Friday prayer for persons who have already offered Friday prayer.

      2. For those who have missed the Friday prayer, it is okay for them to offer Dhuhr prayer after Friday prayer is over. They can do so in same Masjid also. There is absolutely no restriction on this.

      3. If someone says that Dhuhr prayers shall never be offered in a Masjid where Friday prayers are offered, then it is absolutely wrong view as it finds no basis in Islam.

      I hope this answers your query satisfactorily. Feel free tow rite back in case any doubt remains.

      And Allah knows best.

  50. What should a person do on Friday after enter masjid. Upto the time Iman started seamon (hudba.) ?

    • Salam alaikum,

      Once we enter Masjid for Friday prayer, and the Khutbah has not yet started, following are recommended things to be done:

      1. Offer 2 raka’at Tahayyat-ul-Masjid before sitting in the Masjid.

      2. Offer other nawafil prayers (if want to) prior to start of Khutbah.

      3. Read Qur’an.

      4. Make dua to Allah.

      Jazak Allah khair.

  51. Muzaffar Mansoor khan

    I am living in a non Islamic environment and mosque is far from my house, my friend has car but he doesn’t take me there, what should I do now? Pray zuhur at home is the only solution I see and have been doing this.

    • Salam alaikum,

      If you really care about offering Friday prayer, then even if your friend doesn’t take you with him, you can go there yourself. Don’t you have taxis or any other public transport system which you can use to go to Masjid?

      Kindly re-think about the matter seriously; Insha’Allah you will get the way out very easily.

      Jazak Allah khair.

  52. thanks for the lesson

  53. Salaam..
    I missed 3 consecutive friday prayers…
    ACC. TO HADEEH Allah puts a seal on their heart who misses 3 friday prayers…will Allah forgive me …will Allah take away the seal from my heart…plz reply

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      Allah talks about people who shall be in hell and gives an exception from amongst them in following verse of Qur’an:

      “Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds; for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allah is Oft‑Forgiving, Most Merciful.” – (Verse No. 70, Surah Al-Furqan, Chapter No. 25).

      Therefore, if you have not been praying Friday prayers for consecutive three weeks or more, then you should repent sincerely to Allah. And while repenting, you should ensure that form now onwards you will not miss a Friday prayer. Repent sincerely to Allah, start offering Friday prayers regularly, do righteous deeds; Allah is Most Merciful and Oft-Forgiving; surely He shall forgive you for your mistake of missing the Friday prayers.

      May Allah forgive us all for our sins and mistakes!

      And Allah knows best.

  54. Assalamu alaikum brother…
    I have doubt regarding sermon(khutbah).
    Is it done in Arabic language or our native language?
    PLZ explain the rules regarding this?

    • Wa alaikum As Salam Warahmatallah,

      It is better that the Friday (or Eid) Khutbah be delivered in Arabic language, as it is Sunnah. But the matter can’t be put so simply. If the region is such that none of the people understand Arabic, then the purpose of Khutbah will not be met. Therefore, there is more to this topic.

      Imam Abu Haneefah held the view that it is Mustahabb that Khutbah (Friday or Eid) be delivered in Arabic, but the Khateeb may also deliver it in his own language (other than Arabic), there is no harm in doing so.

      Also, there is no explicit hadith which tells us that the Khutbah must be in Arabic language only.

      Therefore, according to my understanding, the Khutbah should be in language which is prevalent in that region, while one part (preferably last part) of the Khutbah be kept in Arabic so as to ensure that Mustahabb Sunnah is also being followed.

      Another way could be that the Khutbah be delivered first in Arabic, and then translated into the local language for the sake of understanding of listeners.

      And Allah knows best.

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